In South Africa, moving matters. Between 2008 and 2012, about one in seven respondents in the National Income Dynamics Study (NIDS) uprooted themselves and migrated elsewhere in search of better opportunities during a period of global financial crisis. They moved residence, but also moved in another sense: through successive waves of surveys, conducted for Wave 1 (2008), Wave 2 (2010) and – most recently – Wave 3 (2012) of the NIDS investigation into the socioeconomic well-being of individuals and households.
Conducted by the Southern African Labour and Development Research Unit (SALDRU), NIDS is the first national panel study of individuals of all ages in South Africa. Its main objective is to measure and understand who is getting ahead and who is falling behind in South Africa, as well as why some people are making progress and others are not.
Written and developed for publication by Advocacy Aid, the NIDS 2013 Wave 3 Overview presents the survey's main initial findings in key areas of South Africa's socioeconomics: poverty dynamics; income inequality and mobility; labour market movement; rural livelihoods; food expenditure; educational expenditure; health; and residential migration.